Humans are facing the pandemic of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), presently a core concern around the world. To stop this outbreak, research work is essentially needed to help infected patients, health specialists, and decision-makers. With every passing day, new policies, approaches, are being worked on in order to overcome the psychological and physical effects of this new pandemic. The COVID-19 outbreak has been causing physical and mental health issues to the human population. The psychological effects include panic disorders, anxiety, fears, depression, loneliness, and distance from their loved ones when dealing with the outbreak. The Major Cause of this widespread panic and anxiety is related to an unknown illness. Infections by themselves can create behavioral and psychological effects, like frustration, anxiety, fear of causing infection, irritability, and insomnia.
On the other hand, excessive anxiety can be destructive, causing panic and risk behaviors. So, it is important to know and assess anxiety, because it is crucial in influencing the success or failure of an action plan in the current scenario of COVID contagion. These factors indicating that psychological factors could have a vital role in the success of public health strategies used to manage pandemics and epidemics.
Banerjee (2020) emphasized informing the public, health professionals, and patients about common stress responses like panic attacks, insomnia, health anxiety, substance abuse, or fear of illness. It is also vital to educate about general measures of countering stress like activity schedule, hygiene, exercising, social connections, evading social media forwards, and relaxation practices. Duan and Zhu (2020) studied that initial identification of distress and appropriate psychological interventions not only can prevent a crisis at times of pandemics but also help in holding its spread.
Recently, Batista et al. (2021) reviewed the methodologies that have been used to measure anxiety within the context of the COVID-19 outbreak to find out preventive strategies, minimize the concerns, and to obtain lower anxiety levels throughout the pandemics’ evolution. The researchers also confirmed that anxiety is prevailing in each group linked with COVID that can be managed with a different set of techniques. So, anxiety management is important for the success or failure of strategies adopted to cope with this pandemic. The impact of COVID with its strains is modifying with every passing day, so, future research includes wide participation among different groups, countries, and training programs.